Metritis in Cows

What is Metritis in Cows?

Metritis in cows is a metabolic disorder that is caused by the inflammation of the uterus of the animal. It is usually caused by a bacteria infection and is easy to identify. Metritis usually develops in cows in the first 5-7 days post-calving.

Symptoms of Metritis in Cows

  • Dullness
  • Reduced feed intake
  • Chills and fever
  • Dehydration
  • Lower milk yield
  • Discoloured and pungent discharge

Causes of Metritis in Cows

  • Cows that are over condition at calving will be at higher risk of developing metritis.
  • Difficult births are also closely aligned with metritis.

Problems from Metritis in Cows

  • Like most metabolic disorders post-calving, metritis will have a negative effect on milk production, and if it is left untreated it can have long term implications on the cow’s production cycle or can even result in death.
  • Metritis can also be closely associated with retained cleanings, abortions and can be an issue at breeding time.

Metritis in Cows – Solutions

Once a cow is identified to have metritis, it is important to seek veterinary advice immediately. Treatment of Metritis will require a broad spectrum long-acting antibiotic into the inflamed uterus.

Best practices to minimise the risk of Metritis are

  • Adequate transition diet to meet energy requirements post calving
  • Good hygiene practices at calving where handling is necessary
  • Clean & dry calving pens
  • Clean cubicle beds
  • Proper Dry cow mineral program
  • Ensure correct body condition at calving

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