Metritis in Cows
What is Metritis in Cows?
Metritis in cows is a metabolic disorder that is caused by the inflammation of the uterus of the animal. It is usually caused by a bacteria infection and is easy to identify. Metritis usually develops in cows in the first 5-7 days post-calving.
Symptoms of Metritis in Cows
- Reduced feed intake
- Chills and fever
- Lower milk yield
- Discoloured and pungent discharge
Causes of Metritis in Cows
- Cows that are over condition at calving will be at higher risk of developing metritis.
- Difficult births are also closely aligned with metritis.
Problems from Metritis in Cows
- Like most metabolic disorders post-calving, metritis will have a negative effect on milk production, and if it is left untreated it can have long term implications on the cow’s production cycle or can even result in death.
- Metritis can also be closely associated with retained cleanings, abortions and can be an issue at breeding time.
Metritis in Cows – Solutions
Once a cow is identified to have metritis, it is important to seek veterinary advice immediately. Treatment of Metritis will require a broad spectrum long-acting antibiotic into the inflamed uterus.
Best practices to minimise the risk of Metritis are
- Adequate transition diet to meet energy requirements post calving
- Good hygiene practices at calving where handling is necessary
- Clean & dry calving pens
- Clean cubicle beds
- Proper Dry cow mineral program
- Ensure correct body condition at calving